Category Archives: Romans / Italians

Eastern and northern peoples: Bardaisan of Edessa and Philippos’ Book of the Laws of Countries (second-third centuries CE)

Judeans, Syrians, and Egyptians: Epiktetos engages with ethnographic discourses for philosophical aims (mid-first century CE)

Kretans, Spartans, Carthaginians, and Romans: Polybios on superior and inferior societal organization (second century BCE)

Mediterranean peoples: Artemidoros theorizes foreign elements in dreams (second century CE)

Romans: Dionysios on legends of Greek and Pelasgian migrations to Italy (late first century BCE)