Category Archives: Spartans / Lakedaimonians

Barbarians and Greeks: Thucydides theorizes the shift from barbarian banditry to settled civilization (late fifth century BCE)

Judeans, Syrians, Indians, and others: Porphyry of Tyre on abstinence from meat (third century CE)

Pelasgian diasporas: Herodotos on legends of Pelasgian migration, language, and influence (mid-fifth century BCE)

Romans: Dionysios on legends of Greek and Pelasgian migrations to Italy (late first century BCE)