Guide to Herodotos of Halikarnassos

Citation with stable link: Philip A. Harland, 'Guide to Herodotos of Halikarnassos,' Ethnic Relations and Migration in the Ancient World, last modified March 13, 2024,

This is a guide for reading through Herodotos’ (late-fifth century BCE) ethnographic passages on this website in somewhat sequential order:

Peoples with dedicated and substantial accounts:

  • Persians and Medes, primarily in book 1 (link)
  • Egyptians, primarily in book 2 (link)
  • Ethiopians, primarily in books 2-3 (link)
  • Indians, primarily in book 3 (link)
  • Scythians, primarily in book 4 (link)
  • Libyans, primarily in book 4 (link)
  • Greek colonization of Libya in book 4 (link)

Peoples dealt with somewhat piecemeal:

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