Guide to Celsus and Origen of Alexandria

Citation with stable link: Philip A. Harland, 'Guide to Celsus and Origen of Alexandria,' Ethnic Relations and Migration in the Ancient World, last modified May 26, 2024,

This post is a guide for reading through ethnographic passages on this website by Celsus (mid-second century CE) and Origen of Alexandria (mid-third century CE):

  • Barbarian wisdom (link)
  • Persian wisdom, the Magians and howlers of chants (link)
  • Persian and Zoroastrian wisdom via Mithras’ mysteries, according to Celsus (link)
  • Ethnic hierarchies, according to Origen (link)


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