Finnish Institute at Athens presentation – ‘You are the bandit!’: Criminalizing Conquered Peoples, and Some Retorts

Citation with stable link: Philip A. Harland, 'Finnish Institute at Athens presentation – ‘You are the bandit!’: Criminalizing Conquered Peoples, and Some Retorts,' Last modified December 6, 2022, http://philipharland.com/Blog/?p=11354.

Sketch of the presentation and some sources for the “Northernness in Greek Ethnography” conference (Sunday Dec 11):

  • Intro: Criminalization of “barbarians” and the Scythian elder’s retort to Alexander the bandit (in Rufus) as a starting-point (link)
  • Early theorizing about the shift from barbarian banditry to settled civilization in Thucydides, ca. 411 BCE (link)
  • Pairings of banditry with conquest and control: Athenian (ca. 424 BCE), Rhodian (ca. 200 BCE), and Roman (100 BCE) examples – inscriptions (link)
  • Roman imperial apex of “bandit peoples”: Strabo and Livy (early first century)
    • Mountain peoples and the Bessians (link)
    • Itureans (link)
    • Judeans (link)
  • Roman imperial propaganda in practice: Northern peoples on the Danube and Rhine as “bandits” (inscriptions, second-third centuries CE) (link)
  • Responses from another “bandit” people: Judeans

 

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