Agatharchides of Knidos: A guide for reading ethnographic passages

Citation with stable link: Philip A. Harland, 'Agatharchides of Knidos: A guide for reading ethnographic passages,' Ethnic Relations and Migration in the Ancient World, last modified August 2, 2023,

This post is aimed at providing a guide for reading through Agatharchides’ ethnographic passages (second century BCE) in somewhat sequential order:

Passages from On the Erythraian Sea:

  • Ichthyphagians / Fish-eaters around the Arabian Sea – FGrHist 86 F31b-50 (link)
  • Ethiopians – FGrHist 86 F51b-67b (link)
  • Scythians and Ethiopians contrasted – FGrHist 86 F66-67 (link)
  • Arabians on the eastern coast of the Red Sea – FGrHist 86 F87a-105b (link)

Passage from an unknown work:

  • Judeans and the sabbath – FGrHist 86 F20 (link)

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